Time Line of Anglo-Portuguese Relations

  • 1662

    Marriage in Portsmouth of Catherine of Braganza, daughter of the first Braganza King D. João IV to Charles II. Tangier and Bombay are part of Catherine’s dowry. Tangier is given at once but Bombay only in 1665. The treaty of marriage was signed in 1661 between the two countries.

  • 1662

    2700 British troops arrive in Portugal (2000 infantry and 700 cavalry) and are sent to the Algarve to protect Portugal from the Spaniards.

  • 1678

    Factory House opens in Oporto bringing together British shippers exporting wine.

  • 1696

    D. Luís Cunha is Portuguese envoy in London. He remained until 1713 and then again in 1715. A great critic of his own country he considered the reason for its backwardness to be the excessive number of priests, the Inquisition’s activity and the expulsion of the Jews. He believed the king should reside in Brazil and govern Portugal through a vice-roy.

  • 1697

    On pressure by the British Parliament, English merchants in Portugal obtain a reduction in custom duties.

  • 1703

    A military defensive treaty between Portugal, Great Britain and the Netherlands signed due to the efforts of Methuen, the English envoy in Lisbon.

  • 1703

    Treaty of Methuen called after the name of the English envoy in Portugal John Methuen. King D. Pedro II and Queen Ann reigned. Britain exported textiles to Portugal with no import duties and the importation of Portuguese wines into Britain had favourable custom duties.

  • 1703

    Defensive treaty signed between Portugal, Great Britain, Holland and Austria regarding the War of the Spanish Succession supporting the Archduke Charles of Austria.

  • 1717

    British cemetery opens in Lisbon (Estrela) together with the Dutch. First grave is of Francis La Roche in 1724. Subsequent acquisitions of land for the cemetery in 1723, 1729 and 1810. Also purchases of land in smaller parcels between 1765 to 1854.

  • 1728

    James O’Hara (1690-1773) Baron Kilmaine and Baron Tyrawley was a colonel in the British army and came out to Portugal as diplomatic envoy where he remained between 1728 and 1741. He returned for visits in 1751 and 1762 and Whitehall considered him to be the best authority on things Portuguese.