Time Line of Anglo-Portuguese Relations

  • 1445

    D. Alvaro Vaz de Almada, Count d’Avranches, was appointed Knight of the Garter in 1445 to the vacancy of Sir John Cornwell. He is the only Portuguese non-royal to receive the Garter. The title of Count d’Avranches was given to him by King Henry IV (1445) for serving with distinction in the wars between England and France at the siege of Avranches in Normandy. The Almada family is reputed to descend from an English Crusader who settled in Portugal after the conquest of Lisbon in 1147.

  • 1455

    D. Afonso V (1432-1481) was nominated Knight of the Garter on this date to the vacancy of Humphrey of Lancaster.

  • 1482

    D. João II (1455-1495) was appointed Knight of the Garter in 1482 succeeding to the vacancy of William Fitzallan, Earl of Arundel. He is the king who sent Vasco da Gama to India. His stall plate is to be found at St. George’s Chappel, Windsor.

  • 1530

    King D. Manuel (1469-1521) was nominated a Knight of the Garter to succeed the vacancy of Henry Tudor, Duke of York but was never installed perhaps because Catherine of Aragon (repudiated by Henry VIII) was his sister-in-law.

  • 1552

    The humanist George Buchanan is held and tried by the Holy Inquisition and finally released. He had been arrested in Coimbra in 1550.

  • 1567

    Thomas Wilson is sent to Lisbon as English diplomatic envoy by Queen Elizabeth Ist. He remained until 1568.

  • 1576

    Treaty between king D. Sebastião of Portugal and Elizabeth Ist of England. It was named the “Treaty for the Cessation of Arrests and Embargoes between England and Portugal”.

  • 1578

    Sir Thomas Stukely joined king D. Sebastião with a contingent of papal troops in the ill fated campaign in north Africa which ended in Alcácer-Quibir. The king and Stukely disappeared and Portugal quickly lost its independence to Spain.

  • 1581

    D. António, Prior do Crato, illegitimate grandson of King D. João III is the pretender to the Portuguese throne and seeks refuge in England.

  • 1583

    Diplomatic and commercial relations between Portugal and England are broken.