Time Line of Anglo-Portuguese Relations

  • 1826

    D. João VI dies. Sir Charles Stuart, British Minister to the Portuguese court, brings the Constitutional Charter (Carta Constitucional) to Portugal from Brasil “given” by the new king and emperor of Brasil D. Pedro IV. With interruptions this constitution lasted until the fall of the monarchy in 1910. He later became Lord Stuart of Rothsay. In Portugal he received the titles of Count of Machico (1825) and (1826) Marquis of Angra.

  • 1827

    D. Miguel, according to an agreement between the two brothers, would swear the new "Carta" and marry his niece (D. Pedro's daughter), D. Maria da Glória. He swears the Carta in Viena before Metternich, then on his way back to Portugal, he visits England. He was well received in London and was received by King George IV at Windsor.

  • 1827

    Sir William Clinton arrives in Portugal with a small army ostensibly to protect Portugal from a Spanish invasion, in practice to protect the Regency from the increasing pressure of the absolutists. Nothing happened of note and the Duke of Wellington, then Prime Minister decided to evacuate them in 1828. A mule which kicked and injured Clinton was much feted by D. Miguel’s followers.

  • 1827

    Setting up of the “1827 Charitable Fund” to support British subjects in need. The first Treasurer was Francis Roughton. This later incorporated the 1897 Jubilee Pension Fund and is now known as the British Charitable Funds.

  • 1828

    The civil war between the two royal brothers D.Pedro (the constitutionalist) and D. Miguel (the absolutist). Many British fought on both sides such as Thomas Stubbs, Sartorius, Charles Napier, MacDonald, and the war involved British politics including Wellington (as Prime Minister) and Palmerston. D. Pedro in the name of his daughter D. Maria II won in 1834 and D. Miguel was exiled.

  • 1828

    Anglican Church of St. George is built in Ponta Delgada, São Miguel in the Azores. First chaplain was the Rev. William Holt Brandt. The last resident chaplain left in the 1940’s.

  • 1828

    D. Maria (1819-1853) daughter of D. Pedro and future (1834) Queen D. Maria II during the liberal wars between her uncle D. Miguel and her father D. Pedro goes to England were she stayed until 1829. She was more or less of the same age as the future Queen Victoria and they became friends and wrote to each other constantly. Lawrence painted her portrait between 1828-1829 for King George IV. She was nine years old. It now hangs in Windsor Castle.

  • 1831

    Joseph James Forrester (1809-1861) later (1855) Barão Forrester was one of the most notable port wine shippers in the XIX century. He was born in Yorkshire and came out to Oporto in 1831. He initiated a number of studies in the vines and produced a geological and topographical map of the Douro valley. He drowned in the Douro river it is said weighed down by all the coins he was carrying to pay wages.

  • 1832

    Liberal troops enter Oporto in the Civil War commanded by Thomas Stubbs who in 1833 became Baron Vila Nova de Gaia. His descendents continue to live in Portugal.

  • 1833

    The constitutionalist fleet commanded by Sir Charles Napier ("Black Charlie") defeats the absolutist fleet off Cape St. Vicent in the Algarve. He is described as “indomitable, dynamic and eccentric”. He was made Viscount St. Vicent by D. Maria II (1834) which then was changed (1842) to Viscount Napier of St. Vincent.