Time Line of Anglo-Portuguese Relations

  • 1813

    Invasion of France by the Anglo-Portuguese army. Several important battles were won on the Pyrenees such as the battle of Soraven and the siege of San Sebastian.

  • 1814

    Last battle of the Peninsular War fought by Anglo-Portuguese troops against the French led by Marshall Soult (1769-1851) was at Tolouse. This victory took place two days after Napoleon’s first abdication at Fontainbleu.

  • 1814

    George Canning, future Prime Minister in the U.K. is appointed British Minister in Lisbon. He returns in 1816 however because the king of Portugal, D. João VI remained in Brasil until 1821.

  • 1815

    Napoleon on his way to St. Helena abroad H.M.S. Northumberland anchored at Funchal, Madeira. He was not allowed to land. The British Counsul, Henry Veitch, however controversially went on board and presented him with fresh fruit and Madeira Wine.

  • 1815

    Sir John Croft, an important port wine merchant, was honorary Chargé d’Affairs in Lisbon in 1815 and administered relief funds granted to Portugal when the Peninsular War ended voted by the British Parliament. He was created Baron da Serra da Estrela in 1853.

  • 1815

    The Anglican church of St. James begins to be built in Oporto.

  • 1820

    First Anglican Church of St. George built at Estrela in same site as today. Completed 1822. This church burnt down in 1886.

  • 1822

    Anglican Church built in Funchal, Madeira. Both Wellington and Nelson "as family" contributed to funds. A Napoleon Gold coin was placed with the founding stone which had been paid by the Emperor for victuals when, on his way to St. Helena, he anchored (1815) at Funchal.

  • 1822

    King D. João VI (1767-1826), the Portuguese king who as Prince Regent during the Napoleonic wars, was appointed Knight of the Garter in 1822 and invested at Ajuda Palace by a special delegation coming from England. His stall plate is in St. George’s Chapel, Windsor and his garter is at Ajuda Palace.

  • 1824

    D. João VI is practically made a prisoner in his own palace of Bemposta (built by Catherine of Braganza) by his younger son D. Miguel. The diplomatic corps rescue him and he is taken for safekeeping to a Royal Navy ship in the Tagus “Windsor Castle”. The British Minister Sir Edward Thorton become Count of Cacilhas.