Time Line of Anglo-Portuguese Relations

  • 1622

    The English College founded to train priests for England in the Bairro Alto. It was closed in 1972 and had the privilege of flying the White Ensign when a Royal Navy ship was in the Tagus.

  • 1642

    Anglo-Portuguese peace and commercial treaty with England. English free to trade on the coast of Africa and S. Tomé, mainly slaves.

  • 1649

    After the execution of king Charles Ist, his nephew Prince Rupert as an admiral of a fleet of ships, participated in a long stand-off with Blake and his fleet in the Tagus.

  • 1650

    Richard Russel (1630-1693) was a priest ordained in Paris who came to Lisbon as a servant to the President of the English College in the Bairro Alto. D. Ricardo as he was known, became an influential diplomat and negotiated the marriage of Catherine of Braganza with king Charles II and took her portrait to be seen by the king which now is in the National Portrait Gallery. He was made Bishop of Cape Verde but lived in Lisbon in the English College. He was then made (1671) Bishop of Portalegre and then (1682) Viseu where he met Queen Catherine of Braganza, a widow, on her way back to Lisbon after the death of king Charles II. He died in 1693.

  • 1652

    Thomas Maynard comes out to Lisbon as Consul and remained for 36 years until 1692. Apparently he was quarrelsome but survived the fall of the English Commonwealth, the Restoration and the “glorious revolution”. He had considerable problems with the Inquisition and at one point was even arrested by them. After his replacement he went on living in Lisbon where he died.

  • 1654

    Treaty between Portugal and England (Cromwell) gave British merchants a very favourable status both commercially, legally and financially and also allowed religious toleration.

  • 1654

    A British Company: Hunt, Roope and Company with premises in Oporto and Viana do Castelo was engaged in importing salt cod (bacalhau) from Newfoundland and exporting wool, cork and wine to England. The wine was called “Red Portugal”.

  • 1657

    Mr. Cradock arrives as the first Anglican chaplain to the British community in Portugal further to the treaty of 1654 which allowed this. He had many problems with the Inquisition.

  • 1660

    About this date a British Factory House was established by British Merchants in Lisbon. It lasted until 1810 formally but lingered on until 1826.

  • 1661

    Sir Richard Fanshaw is sent to Lisbon to negotiate the marriage of king Charles II to Catherine of Braganza and was present at the wedding ceremony in Portsmouth in 1602. He also made the First English translation of “the Lusiadas” of Luís de Camões in 1655.